In order to understand the functions of behavior, it is first essential to know what are the functions of behavior. Every behavior has a purpose and that is to serve some aim. The main functions of behavior are categorized into instinctive and extrinsic. Instinctive functions of behavior are involved in securing survival of the individual by means of aggression, competition or sex, while the extrinsic functions of behavior are such as obtaining food, enhancing the reproductive ability, protecting oneself, fighting other animals etc.
Within the larger framework of the natural order of things, the functions of behavior are dependent upon the existence of a higher ordering principle, such as a utilitarian or principal source of purpose.
We see that when we inflict pain on others, whether they are aware of it, they do not feel good about it and in fact try to escape the situation as far as possible. Similarly when we show ourselves in a humiliating or in an inferior light, it sends out a message to the person who is subject to the punishment to be more humble or submissive.
When we tell someone that they are beautiful or nice or pretty or nice etc. this message has to be conveyed in such a way that they will be motivated to increase the frequency and the strength of their expression of these emotions.
The functions of behavior can also be sub-divided into the psychological and the physiological aspects of behavior. The physiological aspect of behavior deals with the aspects of the body that produces the behavior. For instance when one is angry all the muscle tension that is present in the body goes into tensing up the muscles of the face so that you look really scary.
At the same time, the functions of behavior in this context are concerned with one’s physiological responses to stress and anxiety. Then there are the social and the cognitive aspect of behavior which are concerned with ones understanding of the world around them and one’s perceptions of others.
Functions of Behavior – Understanding Why We Use Repetition and Reinforcement When Behavior is required
Understanding the functions of behavior is also known as the functions of desire. There are functions of behavior that are necessary for survival. These functions include the following: mating, nursing, protecting, hunting, eating, and running.
These functions of behavior are all related to humans as we all need to survive. There are also functions of behavior that we want to achieve. For example, you would probably love to have a large house if you could see far and wide, but if your house was too small, it would not be a good place to live.
The functions of behavior that we want to achieve can be achieved in many ways. It can be behavior training through positive reinforcement, or by providing your pet with toys. You can also use negative reinforcement when your pet does something wrong.
An example of a negative reinforcement is, “If you throw a toy away, I am going to punish you with my dog.” Another example of negative reinforcement is “If you do not get something I promised I would get, I will leave you alone until you get it.”
We use these functions of behavior in many areas of our lives. A great example is using a reinforcer, such as a toy or a treat to reward a child for doing their homework. The Reinforcer acts as a reminder, that the child must pay attention when learning the behavior.