Radishes are a popular and appreciated vegetable, especially in spring, which provides many valuable ingredients. They are easy to grow, grow quickly and easily and remain very healthy. Through their simple and short cultivation time, they guarantee fast and large beginner gardeners a quick success and should not be lacking in any raised garden or bed.
How to plant radishes in the garden or on the raised bed, I will show you in the following video tutorial:
Despite its close relationship with radish, Radies (Raphanus sativus var. Sativus) is an independent and very young cultivated plant. He has only been busy in Europe since the 16th century. Today, more radishes are consumed per person than radishes. The root is not consumed, but a branched tuber on the ground. Locally grown radishes are available from late spring to fall.
Sow radishes properly
Radishes prefer a medium soil, a sunny place and do not tolerate fresh organic fertilization, such as fresh manure. The garden bed should be well hooked and loosened with a Kräuel (garden tool with four tips), so that the earth falls apart beautifully.
With the end of the stem, the rows of seeds can be thrown away. Gently pull the end of the stem gently but gently in a straight line at a distance of 5 cm along the edge of the garden bed. The depth of the newly drawn gutter should be about 2 to 3 cm deep.
To obtain beautiful, healthy and aromatic radishes, I use my mineral-tested vegetable tonic, which I sow in the gutter before sowing the seed. Therefore, seedlings obtain an optimal basis for healthy growth since its inception, since its resistance is strengthened and healthy growth is promoted.
With the regular addition of the plant tonic, the balance in the soil is restored and the diversity of the microorganisms is promoted, which is very important for the maintenance of a healthy soil.
Depending on the weather, you can sow radish seeds directly in the field from April to August. The distance between the rows of seeds must be at least 15 cm.
Young germinating plants are diluted at a distance of 5 to 6 cm (with light). This is done leaving only a young Pflänzleinin every 5 – 6 cm and carefully starts the rest. Then the red tubers can develop well.
Another possibility, which has been shown especially for smaller areas, is to place the seed directly at a distance of 5 to 6 cm in the gutter. This will save the earthquake, which can take a long time.
Of course, a commercially available seed tape can be purchased in which the radish seeds adhere to the same distance on a paper tape. Here only the seed tape should be placed in the gutter and covered with dirt and water. Be sure to cover the seed only with a maximum of 1 cm of soil. Then water the seeds well and keep them moist for the next day.
Small garden tip:
Beautiful and aromatic radish plants are suitable in spring as marker seeds for the slow germination of vegetables such as carrots. Therefore, with the newly grown radish seedlings, the course of rows of slowly germinating vegetable seeds is easily recognizable. By loosening the soil or eliminating weeds, this is helpful, since you can always guess where the other row is. In summer (from June) radishes are ideal in combination with parsnips or arable turnips.
Radishes as ideal partners in mixed culture
The radios are due to their short cultivation time, but also to their minimum space requirements, ideal for mixed crops (various types of vegetables combined in a bed). For example, in a garden with a width of 90 cm, you can grow 2 rows of lettuce, 1 row of kohlrabi, or vice versa) and 1 row of radishes per row at the edge.
Due to their short cultivation time of six to eight weeks, they are ideal for filling gaps before or after other types of vegetables (before or after cultivation), and this provided there is room in the bed. When growing vegetables (plan vegetables that are grown one after another) make sure that the radish or cabbage has not been grown immediately before, so that no typical diseases or pests are found in the soil (see also diseases and pests).
Radishes are available in different varieties.
The variety of varieties is immense. It is distinguished by shapes and colors, but also by spring or summer varieties. For greenhouse cultivation, raised bed or cold frame, it is better to choose early varieties. To grow in the garden robust and space-resistant varieties that are not “hairy” or “woody” (fibrous and hard) and are suitable for the entire growing season.
The taste does not depend on the color, but on the crop. Field radishes are usually smaller and sharper, since slower growth can form more mustard oils, which are responsible for the typical flavor.
Keep radishes properly and protect against vermin.
During cultivation, make sure that the soil remains uniformly moist whenever possible. In case of major temperature fluctuations and / or if the tubers are too dry, the pulp of the red tuber becomes “woody” or “hairy” (spicy) and has a strong flavor.
Radiation can also “fire” too soon in case of excessive dryness or heat, that is, form flowers. As soon as radishes bloom, they are no longer fit for consumption. Especially in the middle of summer, the radios prefer a place in the light shade (for example, in combination with other crops in a mixed crop) and depend on regular watering. Otherwise, the tubers are unpleasantly hot and explode easily.
Due to their short cultivation time, diseases or pests rarely occur. If it does, it is the fleas that make it friendly on the leaves and on the tuber. Since radishes come from the cruciferous vegetable family, it can happen that small cabbage flies, white cabbage or blackened radish reduces the crop.
Protective nets can be used for large-scale cultivation. Ground fleas can be sold with elderberry leaf mulch. What land fleas do not love either is when the soil is loosened and moistened regularly around the small plant.
Harvest and store fresh radishes
After 4 to 6 weeks, the first radishes can be harvested. As radishes grow very fast and suddenly everyone is ripe, don’t wait too long. Harvested to a diameter of 2 – 3 cm (cherry size). Then the red decorative balls have the best flavor. If it is harvested too late, the tuber weighs and the taste suffers.
In the best case, the foliage rays are gently removed from the ground. If the soil is too hard, carefully loosen the soil sideways with a hoe, but do not injure the tubers. First harvest the large specimens, let the smaller ones grow more.
As soon as the first flowers appear, the tuber is no longer edible. But the gourmets also left the plant with flowering and waited until the pods developed and used them as a spicy salad.
Store radishes in the refrigerator
Radishes are especially suitable for fresh consumption. The best ones are straight from the garden as a salad, adding bread with cottage cheese, as a decoration on a cold plate or even more suitable.
In the refrigerator, after removing the foliage and in a suitable container, they can be kept fresh for several days. Put the crumbly radishes in a jug of water. Then they are crispy again. Best of all, they are freshly harvested. In this way, valuable ingredients are better preserved.
Radishes are healthy.
Like radishes, radishes contain large amounts of mustard oil glycosides, which are responsible for the spicy taste. These have an antibacterial effect and can prevent fungal diseases.
The consumption of radish stimulates the metabolism of the liver and the production of bile and, therefore, helps to digest heavy fatty foods better. In addition to a balanced amount of minerals and vitamins, the tuber mainly contains vitamin C, which is especially present in young leaves. The leaves can also be mixed with shakes.
If you prefer regional vegetables, you will benefit twice: on the one hand, from fresh and rich vegetables, on the other hand, from the healthy ingredients of radies and co.