In the world of photography, there are many situations in which you have to decide how to capture a moving subject. Whether it's an athlete running down the field, or a bird falling over the water, there are many different photo results. You could end up perfectly showing everything in the scene without fuzziness, or you could focus on the subject while the background is blurred by panning. In this article we will explain the different techniques that you can use to get different results.
If you want to freeze the movement of the subject along with the movement of the background, you should use a very high shutter speed. I would use a shutter speed of at least 1/300 second to make sure you freeze everything. However, there are other motives that may move unusually fast, such as: As cars or thrown objects. If you want to freeze a faster-moving subject, you may need to use a shutter speed closer to 1/1000 second or faster. This should not present a problem at present, since the new cameras have shutter speeds of up to 1/8000 second.
Motion blur of the entire scene
If you try to blur everything in the photo to make it clear how quickly everything transfers to the viewer, you should choose a slower shutter speed. Anything less than a hundredth of a second should be enough. I've used this for more artistic photos of passing motorbikes or cars as well as running animals. This technique works best when the scene you take a photo of is full of bright colors. In this type of photo, the subject is out of focus, so it is not used often. People are not used to seeing this kind of work. And because people are not used to this kind of work, I've seen a lot of excellent photos like these sold for a lot of money. This type of photo also works very well with patterns in nature. Like colorful trees waving in the breeze or flowing water with colorful reflections. This combination of blur and color may result in a photo that looks more like a painting.
Panning – Motion blur only in the background while the subject is clear
This is a more difficult technique that requires a lot of practice and skill. With this type of exposure, the photographer uses a slightly slower shutter speed and moves the camera at the same speed as the moving subject. If done correctly, the subject is in focus and out of focus while the background is out of focus. Give the viewer the appearance of a fast movement. This is the most common method for nature photographers and sports photographers if they want to quickly move their subjects across a scene. Some of my favorite photos I took were related to this technique, where dirt bikers were sped up and birds with trees and flowers in the background were blurry.
Many photographers work very hard to control panning. I myself have practiced tracking the movement of athletes with a longer shutter speed to try to track the movement of their faces. Occasionally, I got it right and clearly exposed her face, while some of her limbs and background were blurry due to the slow shutter speed. These are most often the types of photos that have been awarded in a sports photography competition.
Motion blur only of the subject (tripod is a must)
If you want a clear scene while your subject passes quickly, you need to find a way to keep the camera so calm that the background is clearly captured while the shutter remains open for a long time. This method can get some amazing photos and is often used at night with cars and headlights. I'm sure you saw photos of a highway at night with the headlights of cars that pulled lines through the exposure. This definitely required a tripod and a very long shutter speed. a shutter speed probably for several seconds.
When I use this method, I usually set my camera on a tripod and just set the self-timer so I do not hold the shutter button down and risk moving the camera. If you set the self-timer, the camera automatically takes the picture after about 10 seconds so you do not have to hold it. The best night photos I took were taken with this technique while some cars or trains raced through the scene and left their mark.